The 420 Words That Shakespeare Invented - The LitCharts Blog (2023)

Inventors get a lot of love. Thomas Edison is held up as a tinkering genius. Steve Jobs is considered a saint in Silicon Valley. Hedy Lamar, meanwhile, may have been a Hollywood star but a new book makes clear her real legacy is in inventing the foundations of encryption. But while all these people invented things, it’s possible to invent something even more fundamental. Take Shakespeare: he invented words. And he invented more words—words that continue to shape the English language—than anyone else. By a long shot.

But what does it mean to “invent” words? How many words did Shakespeare invent? What kind of words? And whichwords are those exactly? Rather than just listing all the words Shakespeare invented, this post digs deeper into the how and the why (or “wherefore”) of Shakespeare’s literary creations.

How Many Words Did Shakespeare Invent?

The 420 Words That Shakespeare Invented - The LitCharts Blog (1)

1700! My, what a perfectly round number! Such a large and perfectly round number is misleading at best, and is more likely just wrong—there is in fact a bunch ofdebate about the accuracy of this number.

So who’s to blame for the uncertainty around the number of words Shakespeare invented? For starters, we can blamethe Oxford English Dictionary. This famous dictionary (often called the OED for short) is famous, in part, because it providesincredibly thorough definitions of words, but also because it identifies the first time each word actually appeared in written English. Shakespeare appears as the first documented user of more words than any other writer, making it convenient to assume that he was the creator of all of those words.

In reality, though, many of these words were probably part of everyday discourse in Elizabethan England. So it’s highly likely that Shakespeare didn’tinvent all ofthese words; he just produced the first preserved record of some of them.Ryan Buda, a writer at Letterpile, explains it like this:

But most likely, the word was in use for some time before it is seen in the writings of Shakespeare. The fact that the word first appears there does not necessarily mean that he made it up himself, but rather, he could have borrowed it from his peers or from conversations he had with others.

However, while Shakespeare might have been just the first person to write down some words, he definitely did create many words himself, plenty of which we still use to this day. The list a ways down below contains the 420 words that almost certainly originated from Shakespeare himself.

But all this leads to another question. What does it even mean to “invent” a word?

How Did Shakespeare InventWords?

Some writers invent words in the same way Thomas Edison invented light bulbs: they cobble together bits of sound and create entirely new words without any meaning or relation to existing words. Lewis Carroll does in the first stanza of his “Jabberwocky” poem:

`Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.

Carroll totally made up words like “brillig,” “slithy,” “toves,” and “mimsy”; the first stanza alone contains 11 of these made-up words, which are known asnonce words. Words like these aren’t just meaningless, they’re also disposable, intended to be used just once.

Shakespeare did not create nonce words. He took an entirely different approach. When he invented words, he did it by working with existing words and altering them in new ways. More specifically, he would create new words by:

  • Conjoining two words
  • Changing verbs into adjectives
  • Changing nouns into verbs
  • Adding prefixes to words
  • Adding suffixes to words

The most exhaustive take on Shakespeare’s invented words comes from a nice little 874-page book entitled The Shakespeare Key by Charles and Mary Cowden Clarke.Here’s how they explain Shakespeare’s literary innovations:

Shakespeare, with the right and might of a true poet, and with his peculiar royal privilege as king of all poets, has minted several words that deserve to become current in our language. He coined them for his own special use to express his own special meanings in his own special passages; but they are so expressive and so well framed to be exponents of certain particulars in meanings common to us all, that they deserve to become generally adopted and used.

We can call what Shakespeare did to create new words “minting,” “coining” or “inventing.” Whatever term we use to describe it, Shakespeare was doing things with words that no one hadever thought to do before, andthat’s what matters.

Shakespeare Didn’t Invent Nonsense Words

Though today readers often need the help of modern English translationsto fully grasp the nuance and meaning of Shakespeare’s language, Shakespeare’s contemporary audience would have had a much easier go of it.Why? Two main reasons.

First, Shakespeare was part of a movement in English literaturethat introduced moreproseinto plays. (Earlier plays were written primarily in rhyming verse.) Shakespeare’s prose was similar to the style and cadence of everyday conversation in Elizabethan England, making it natural for members of his audience to understand.

In addition, the words he created were comprehensible intuitively because, once again, they were often built on the foundations of already existing words, and were not just unintelligible combinations of sound. Take “congreeted” for example. The prefix “con”means with,and “greet” meansto receive or acknowledge someone.

It therefore wasn’t a huge stretch for people to understand this line:

That, face to face and royal eye to eye.
You have congreeted.

(Henry V, Act 5, Scene 2)

Shakespeare also made nouns into verbs. He was the first person to usefriendas a verb, predating Mark Zuckerberg by about 395 years.

And what so poor a man as Hamlet is
May do, to express his love and friending to you

(Hamlet, Act 1, Scene 5)

Other times, despite his proclivity for making compound words, Shakespeare reached into his vast Latin vocabulary for loanwords.

His heart fracted and corroborate.

(Henry V, Act 2, Scene 1)

Here the Latin wordfractusmeans “broken.” Take away the –usandadd in the English suffixed,andanew English word is born.

New Words Are Nothing New

Shakespeare certainly wasn’t the first person to make up words. It’s actually entirely commonplacefor new words to enter a language. We’re adding new words and terms to our “official” dictionaries every year. In the past few years, the Merriam-Webster dictionary has added several new words and phrases, like these:

  • bokeh
  • elderflower
  • fast fashion
  • first world problem
  • ginger
  • microaggression
  • mumblecore
  • pareidolia
  • ping
  • safe space
  • wayback
  • wayback machine
  • woo-woo

So inventing words wasn’t something unique to Shakespeare or Elizabethan England. It’s still going on all the time.

But Shakespeare Invented a Lot of New Words

So why did Shakespeare have to make up hundreds of new words? For starters, English was smaller in Shakespeare’s time. The language contained many fewer words, and not enough for a literary genius like Shakespeare.How many words? No one can be sure. One estimates,one fromEncyclopedia Americana, puts the number at 50,000-60,000, likely not including medical and scientific terms.

During Shakespeare’s time, the number of words in the language began to grow. Edmund Weiner, deputy chief editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, explains it this way:

The vocabulary of English expanded greatly during the early modern period. Writers were well aware of this and argued about it. Some were in favour of loanwords to express new concepts, especially from Latin. Others advocated the use of existing English words, or new compounds of them, for this purpose. Others advocated the revival of obsolete words and the adoption of regional dialect.

In Shakespeare’s collected writings, he used a total of 31,534 different words. Whatever the size of the English lexicon at the time, Shakespeare was in command of a substantial portion of it.Jason Kottke estimatesthat Shakespeareknewaround 66,534 words, which suggests Shakespeare was pushing the boundaries of English vocab as he knew it. Hehadto make up some new words.

The Complete List of Words Shakespeare Invented

Compiling a definitive list of every word that Shakespeare ever invented is impossible. But creating a list of the words that Shakespeare almost certainly invented can be done. We generated list of words below by starting with the words that Shakespeare was the first to use in written language, and then applying research that has identified which words were probably in everyday use during Shakespeare’s time. The result are 420 bona fide words minted, coined, and invented by Shakespeare, from “academe” to “zany”:

  1. academe
  2. accessible
  3. accommodation
  4. addiction
  5. admirable
  6. aerial
  7. airless
  8. amazement
  9. anchovy
  10. arch-villain
  11. auspicious
  12. bacheolorship
  13. barefaced
  14. baseless
  15. batty
  16. beachy
  17. bedroom
  18. belongings
  19. birthplace
  20. black-faced
  21. bloodstained
  22. bloodsucking
  23. blusterer
  24. bodikins
  25. braggartism
  26. brisky
  27. broomstaff
  28. budger
  29. bump
  30. buzzer
  31. candle holder
  32. catlike
  33. characterless
  34. cheap
  35. chimney-top
  36. chopped
  37. churchlike
  38. circumstantial
  39. clangor
  40. cold-blooded
  41. coldhearted
  42. compact
  43. consanguineous
  44. control
  45. coppernose
  46. countless
  47. courtship
  48. critical
  49. cruelhearted
  50. Dalmatian
  51. dauntless
  52. dawn
  53. day’s work
  54. deaths-head
  55. defeat
  56. depositary
  57. dewdrop
  58. dexterously
  59. disgraceful
  60. distasteful
  61. distrustful
  62. dog-weary
  63. doit (a Dutch coin: ‘a pittance’)
  64. domineering
  65. downstairs
  66. dwindle
  67. East Indies
  68. embrace
  69. employer
  70. employment
  71. enfranchisement
  72. engagement
  73. enrapt
  74. epileptic
  75. equivocal
  76. eventful
  77. excitement
  78. expedience
  79. expertness
  80. exposure
  81. eyedrop
  82. eyewink
  83. fair-faced
  84. fairyland
  85. fanged
  86. fap
  87. far-off
  88. farmhouse
  89. fashionable
  90. fashionmonger
  91. fat-witted
  92. fathomless
  93. featureless
  94. fiendlike
  95. fitful
  96. fixture
  97. fleshment
  98. flirt-gill
  99. flowery
  100. fly-bitten
  101. footfall
  102. foppish
  103. foregone
  104. fortune-teller
  105. foul mouthed
  106. Franciscan
  107. freezing
  108. fretful
  109. full-grown
  110. fullhearted
  111. futurity
  112. gallantry
  113. garden house
  114. generous
  115. gentlefolk
  116. glow
  117. go-between
  118. grass plot
  119. gravel-blind
  120. gray-eyed
  121. green-eyed
  122. grief-shot
  123. grime
  124. gust
  125. half-blooded
  126. heartsore
  127. hedge-pig
  128. hell-born
  129. hint
  130. hobnail
  131. homely
  132. honey-tongued
  133. hornbook
  134. hostile
  135. hot-blooded
  136. howl
  137. hunchbacked
  138. hurly
  139. idle-headed
  140. ill-tempered
  141. ill-used
  142. impartial
  143. imploratory
  144. import
  145. in question
  146. inauspicious
  147. indirection
  148. indistinguishable
  149. inducement
  150. informal
  151. inventorially
  152. investment
  153. invitation
  154. invulnerable
  155. jaded
  156. juiced
  157. keech
  158. kickie-wickie
  159. kitchen-wench
  160. lackluster
  161. ladybird
  162. lament
  163. land-rat
  164. laughable
  165. leaky
  166. leapfrog
  167. lewdster
  168. loggerhead
  169. lonely
  170. long-legged
  171. love letter
  172. lustihood
  173. lustrous
  174. madcap
  175. madwoman
  176. majestic
  177. malignancy
  178. manager
  179. marketable
  180. marriage bed
  181. militarist
  182. mimic
  183. misgiving
  184. misquote
  185. mockable
  186. money’s worth
  187. monumental
  188. moonbeam
  189. mortifying
  190. motionless
  191. mountaineer
  192. multitudinous
  193. neglect
  194. never-ending
  195. newsmonger
  196. nimble-footed
  197. noiseless
  198. nook-shotten
  199. obscene
  200. ode
  201. offenseful
  202. offenseless
  203. Olympian
  204. on purpose
  205. oppugnancy
  206. outbreak
  207. overblown
  208. overcredulous
  209. overgrowth
  210. overview
  211. pageantry
  212. pale-faced
  213. passado
  214. paternal
  215. pebbled
  216. pedant
  217. pedantical
  218. pendulous
  219. pignut
  220. pious
  221. please-man
  222. plumpy
  223. posture
  224. prayerbook
  225. priceless
  226. profitless
  227. Promethean
  228. protester
  229. published
  230. puking (disputed)
  231. puppy-dog
  232. pushpin
  233. quarrelsome
  234. radiance
  235. rascally
  236. rawboned
  237. reclusive
  238. refractory
  239. reinforcement
  240. reliance
  241. remorseless
  242. reprieve
  243. resolve
  244. restoration
  245. restraint
  246. retirement
  247. revokement
  248. revolting
  249. ring carrier
  250. roadway
  251. roguery
  252. rose-cheeked
  253. rose-lipped
  254. rumination
  255. ruttish
  256. sanctimonious
  257. satisfying
  258. savage
  259. savagery
  260. schoolboy
  261. scrimer
  262. scrubbed
  263. scuffle
  264. seamy
  265. self-abuse
  266. shipwrecked
  267. shooting star
  268. shudder
  269. silk stocking
  270. silliness
  271. skim milk
  272. skimble-skamble
  273. slugabed
  274. soft-hearted
  275. spectacled
  276. spilth
  277. spleenful
  278. sportive
  279. stealthy
  280. stillborn
  281. successful
  282. suffocating
  283. tanling
  284. tardiness
  285. time-honored
  286. title page
  287. to arouse
  288. to barber
  289. to bedabble
  290. to belly
  291. to besmirch
  292. to bet
  293. to bethump
  294. to blanket
  295. to cake
  296. to canopy
  297. to castigate
  298. to cater
  299. to champion
  300. to comply
  301. to compromise
  302. to cow
  303. to cudgel
  304. to dapple
  305. to denote
  306. to dishearten
  307. to dislocate
  308. to educate
  309. to elbow
  310. to enmesh
  311. to enthrone
  312. to fishify
  313. to glutton
  314. to gnarl
  315. to gossip
  316. to grovel
  317. to happy
  318. to hinge
  319. to humor
  320. to impede
  321. to inhearse
  322. to inlay
  323. to instate
  324. to lapse
  325. to muddy
  326. to negotiate
  327. to numb
  328. to offcap
  329. to operate
  330. to out-Herod
  331. to out-talk
  332. to out-villain
  333. to outdare
  334. to outfrown
  335. to outscold
  336. to outsell
  337. to outweigh
  338. to overpay
  339. to overpower
  340. to overrate
  341. to palate
  342. to pander
  343. to perplex
  344. to petition
  345. to rant
  346. to reverb
  347. to reword
  348. to rival
  349. to sate
  350. to secure
  351. to sire
  352. to sneak
  353. to squabble
  354. to subcontract
  355. to sully
  356. to supervise
  357. to swagger
  358. to torture
  359. to un muzzle
  360. to unbosom
  361. to uncurl
  362. to undervalue
  363. to undress
  364. to unfool
  365. to unhappy
  366. to unsex
  367. to widen
  368. tortive
  369. traditional
  370. tranquil
  371. transcendence
  372. trippingly
  373. unaccommodated
  374. unappeased
  375. unchanging
  376. unclaimed
  377. unearthy
  378. uneducated
  379. unfrequented
  380. ungoverned
  381. ungrown
  382. unhelpful
  383. unhidden
  384. unlicensed
  385. unmitigated
  386. unmusical
  387. unpolluted
  388. unpublished
  389. unquestionable
  390. unquestioned
  391. unreal
  392. unrivaled
  393. unscarred
  394. unscratched
  395. unsolicited
  396. unsullied
  397. unswayed
  398. untutored
  399. unvarnished
  400. unwillingness
  401. upstairs
  402. useful
  403. useless
  404. valueless
  405. varied
  406. varletry
  407. vasty
  408. vulnerable
  409. watchdog
  410. water drop
  411. water fly
  412. well-behaved
  413. well-bred
  414. well-educated
  415. well-read
  416. wittolly
  417. worn out
  418. wry-necked
  419. yelping
  420. zany

Words That Shakespeare Invented – Resource List

Words, words, words.

(Hamlet Act 2, Scene 2)


The 420 Words That Shakespeare Invented - The LitCharts Blog? ›

William Shakespeare is credited with the invention or introduction of over 1,700 words that are still used in English today. William Shakespeare used more than 20,000 words in his plays and poems, and his works provide the first recorded use of over 1,700 words in the English language.

What words did Shakespeare invent? ›

15 Words Invented by Shakespeare
  • Bandit.
  • Critic.
  • Dauntless.
  • Dwindle.
  • Elbow (as a verb)
  • Green-Eyed (to describe jealousy)
  • Lackluster.
  • Lonely.
May 7, 2019

How many words exactly did Shakespeare invent? ›

William Shakespeare is credited with the invention or introduction of over 1,700 words that are still used in English today. William Shakespeare used more than 20,000 words in his plays and poems, and his works provide the first recorded use of over 1,700 words in the English language.

What are the 1700 words Shakespeare invented? ›

Words Shakespeare Invented
16 more rows

Did Shakespeare create the word swagger? ›

The word “swagger” first appeared in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream. It was probably a variation on the Middle English verb “swag” meaning “to sway.” Shakespeare used the first recorded instance of the phrase “one fell swoop” in Macbeth.

What are the D words? ›

Some of the D words for kids are dig, door, date, drink, dinosaur, deer, desk, donkey, dart, deep, dance, duck, dip, dab, den, dad, dent, dock, dark, dust, etc.

What is the longest word written by Shakespeare? ›

The longest word used by. Shakespeare in any of his plays. ...

Did Shakespeare invent 3000 words? ›

He wrote 38 plays, 154 sonnets, and a couple of epic narrative poems. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, he coined 3,000 new words, and he has contributed more phrases and sayings to the English language than any other individual.

Do we still use the words that Shakespeare invented? ›

Many of the words Shakespeare invented or coined are still in common use today. The masterful storyteller had so much to express that he needed to push the boundaries of the English vocabulary as he knew it.

Why did Shakespeare disappear for 7 years? ›

By oral tradition, it was reported that Shakespeare poached deer from Sir Thomas Lucy's estate, the nearby Charlecote Park. It was said that he fled to London in order to escape punishment.

Why did Shakespeare just invent words? ›

he needed a word to have a certain number of syllables to fit the meter requirements of a line; normally the word had to naturally be spoken with an iambic rhythm; and. there existed no dictionaries or thesauruses for him to search for known words.

Which word was first created by Shakespeare? ›

1. "Uncomfortable" Shakespeare was very fond of creating new words by attaching prefixes or suffixes to existing phrases. In Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare popped 'un' in front of 'comfortable' to create a word that's now used everyday by people around the world.

What is the root word of Shakespeare? ›

Entries linking to shakespeare

This is reconstructed to be from Proto-Germanic *skakanan "to shake, swing," also "to escape" (source also of Old Norse, Swedish skaka, Danish skage "to shift, turn, veer").

Who said green eyed? ›

Iago warns Othello of jealousy, referring, "It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock/The meat it feeds on." The term refers back to Shakespeare's play The Merchant of Venice where he first personifies jealousy with his use of the phrase "green-eyed jealousy," from which the term "green - eyed monster" gets its ...

What begins with G? ›

List of things that start with G
GasGownGummy bear
2 more rows

What begins with e? ›

5 letter words that start with E
  • eager.
  • eagle.
  • eagre.
  • eared.
  • earls.
  • early.
  • earns.
  • earth.

What starts with k? ›

Nice, Kind, and Positive Words That Start with the Letter K —
  • Kabab.
  • Kaleidoscope.
  • Kangaroo.
  • Karaoke.
  • Karat.
  • Karate.
  • Karma.
  • Kayak.
Nov 27, 2022

What is Shakespeare's most famous phrase? ›

"To be, or not to be: that is the question." Perhaps the most famous of Shakespearean lines, the anguished Hamlet ponders the purpose of life and suicide in this profound soliloquy.

What was Shakespeare's famous quote? ›

Be not afraid of greatness. Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon 'em.

What phrases did Shakespeare not invent? ›

Shakespeare did not coin phrases such as “it's Greek to me” and “a wild goose chase”, according to an Australian academic.

What is the longest insulting word? ›

Floccinaucinihilipilification Definition & Meaning |

What is the shortest Shakespeare play by words? ›

What is Shakespeare's shortest play? The Comedy of Errors, with 1,898 lines, according to the line count for the Folger Shakespeare edition of the play.

What is the shortest Shakespeare play by word count? ›

The longest play is Hamlet, which is the only Shakespeare play with more than thirty thousand words, and the shortest is The Comedy of Errors, which is the only play with fewer than fifteen thousand words. Shakespeare's 37 plays have an average word count of 22.6 thousand words per play.

Who invented the word bedroom? ›

Next time you're reading a book on Playster in bed, give a thought to Shakespeare, who created the word “bedroom” especially for A Midsummer Night's Dream.

How many words does the average person know? ›

Most adult native test-takers range from 20,000–35,000 words. Average native test-takers of age 8 already know 10,000 words. Average native test-takers of age 4 already know 5,000 words. Adult native test-takers learn almost 1 new word a day until middle age.

How many words do we use today? ›

The English Dictionary

First, let's look at how many words are in the Dictionary. The Second Edition of the 20-volume Oxford English Dictionary contains full entries for 171,476 words in current use (and 47,156 obsolete words).

What words did Shakespeare change? ›

Among the hundreds of Shakespeare's enrichments to the popular lexicon are the following 10 words and phrases:
  • Green-eyed monster. ...
  • Critic. ...
  • Wild goose chase. ...
  • Hot-blooded/Cold-blooded. ...
  • Skim milk. ...
  • Be-all and end-all. ...
  • Zany. ...
  • Eyeball.
Apr 22, 2016

Why did Shakespeare use insults in his plays? ›

Shakespeare was a man known for his quick wit and creativity and his insults were creative even for his time, and as such, they became an important element of his plays. The Shakespearean insult was created to add elements of comedy and relatability to his performance.

What is written on Shakespeare's grave? ›

The grave, where the playwright was buried in 1616, carries the warning: "Good friend, for Jesus' sake forebeare, To digg the dust enclosed heare; Bleste be the man that spares thes stones, And curst be he that moves my bones."

What did Shakespeare do between 1585 and 1592? ›

From 1585 until 1592, very little is known about Shakespeare. These are generally referred to as 'The Lost Years'. But by 1592 we know that he was in London where he was singled out by a rival dramatist, Robert Greene in his bitter deathbed pamphlet, A Groats-worth of Witte.

What is a rare fact about William Shakespeare? ›

Shakespeare lived through and survived a pandemic, one of a number of waves of the bubonic plague. Very sadly, however, his son Hamnet died of the plague, aged just 11. This affected William's writing and themes like disease, death and grief ran through many of his plays.

Did nobody know what Shakespeare did between 1585 and 1592? ›

Nobody knows what Shakespeare did between 1585 and 1592.

Historians have speculated that he worked as a schoolteacher, studied law, traveled across continental Europe or joined an acting troupe that was passing through Stratford.

What did Shakespeare leave his wife when he died? ›

When William Shakespeare died he famously left his wife Anne only one thing: their 'second best bed'.

Why do we still study Shakespeare 400 years later? ›

His themes are timeless

Shakespeare's works have strong themes that run through each piece. And again, these themes are still relevant today – love, death, ambition, power, fate, free will, just to name a few. So Shakespeare's works are timeless and universal. That also makes them relatable.

Why did Shakespeare stop writing? ›

William Shakespeare might have left London and stopped writing three years before he died because he had lost his sight, a playwright has suggested. Rick Thomas said he thought years of writing by candlelight would have left Shakespeare struggling to see....

Why do we still use Shakespearean language? ›

No single writer has done more to change and shape the English language than Shakespeare. As a mark of his lasting legacy and talent as a playwright, many of the words and phrases he came up with are still in common use today.

How many total English words are there? ›

Oxford Dictionary has 273,000 headwords; 171,476 of them being in current use, 47,156 being obsolete words and around 9,500 derivative words included as subentries.

Who invented the word swagger? ›

Given those stats, you'd be forgiven for thinking "swagger" is a relatively new concept, but it can be traced all the way back to Elizabethan England. As with so many other famous words and phrases, the first writer to use it was William Shakespeare.

What was Shakespeare's first poem? ›

Shakespeare's earliest poems, Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece, were probably composed when the theatres were closed because of the plague.

Who said my horse my horse? ›

It's a famous line, and it's also the last line that Richard III speaks. “A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!” A titanic villain in Shakespeare's history plays, Richard III departs the stage and this life with these words, fighting to his death on foot after losing his horse in battle.

How many manuscripts of Shakespeare's have survived? ›

107 manuscripts that refer to William Shakespeare by name in his lifetime (spelled in many different ways, which was typical of the period), including four manuscripts signed by him, and one letter addressed to him.

How many words did Shakespeare invent that we use today? ›

William Shakespeare is credited with the invention or introduction of over 1,700 words that are still used in English today. William Shakespeare used more than 20,000 words in his plays and poems, and his works provide the first recorded use of over 1,700 words in the English language.

How many words did Shakespeare know? ›

In 1986 McCrum et al. said this to a Public Broadcasting System audience of millions: Shakespeare had one of the largest vocabularies of any English writer, some 30,000 words. (Estimates of an educated person's vocabulary today vary, but it is probably about half this, 15,000)' (2002 [1986], 102).

Did Shakespeare invent the word unreal? ›

Unreal. It may seem 'unreal', but Shakespeare also came up with the word that we now use to mean 'cool' or, in some cases, 'unbelievable'. However, in his day, 'unreal' simply meant just that, 'not real'.

Why is green the rarest eye color? ›

Green irises have an uncommon melanin level — less than “truly” brown eyes, but more than blue eyes. This is why green eyes are so unique. And while 9% is indeed rare, green eyes have an even lower eye color percentage across the globe.

What does O beware my Lord of jealousy mean? ›

So when he says "O beware, my lord, of jealousy; It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock the meet it feeds on," what he's actually saying is "I hope you become jealous and kill your wife, because that would, ironically, fulfill all my plans.

Who said I am not what I am? ›

Iago says (I. 1, 65) "I am not what I am," which can be interpreted as "I am not what I seem." But it is also reminiscent of a quotation from the Bible which Shakespeare would have known: In Exodus, God gives his laws to Moses on Mt.

What is Shakespeare most famous word? ›

1. “To be, or not to be: that is the question.” 2. “All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players.”

Did Shakespeare write any of the Bible? ›

One person who most assuredly did not write the KJV, although he had been long rumored to have done so, is William Shakespeare.

Did William Shakespeare translate the Bible? ›

While the coincidence is tantalizing, there is no factual data that supports Shakespeare as a translator of the KJV. William Shakespeare's religious affiliation is an ongoing debate among scholars. It has long been argued that he was a Roman Catholic and there is some evidence to support the possibility.

What is Shakespeare's one meaningful quote? ›

And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages.

What is the longest word in Shakespeare play? ›

While honorificabilitudinitatibus was not included in Samuel Johnson's famous dictionary, Dr Johnson did comment on its length in his 1765 edition of The Plays of William Shakespeare: This word, whencesoever it comes, is often mentioned as the longest word known.

What is the best Shakespeare dictionary? ›

Book details

The Oxford Illustrated Shakespeare Dictionary is the first of its kind, a brand new illustrated alphabetical dictionary of all the words and meanings students of Shakespeare need to know.

What language did Jesus speak? ›

Aramaic is best known as the language Jesus spoke. It is a Semitic language originating in the middle Euphrates. In 800-600 BC it spread from there to Syria and Mesopotamia. The oldest preserved inscriptions are from this period and written in Old Aramaic.

What is the 46th word in the 46th Psalm? ›

The 46th word from the beginning of Psalm 46 is "shake" and the 46th word from the end (omitting the liturgical mark "Selah") is "spear" ("speare" in the original spelling).

Which Bible did Shakespeare read? ›

There are many Biblical references in Shakespeare's plays – some obvious, some more subtle. Most scholars agree that the Geneva Bible is the one he used most, because his wording is often closest to this text.

Who wrote James Bible? ›

Who wrote this book? The epistle states that it was authored by “James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ” (James 1:1). Christian tradition has held that this James, like Jude, is one of the sons of Joseph and Mary and hence a half brother of Jesus Christ (see Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3; Galatians 1:19).

What is the original text of the Bible? ›

Codex Leningradensis is the oldest Hebrew manuscript of the entire Old Testament. This codex was found in Egypt and is now at The National Library of Russia in St. Petersburg (formerly known as Leningrad).

Who rewrote the Bible? ›

Each cut had a purpose, and each word was carefully considered. As he worked, Thomas Jefferson pasted his selections—each in a variety of ancient and modern languages that reflected his vast learning—into the book in neat columns. Thomas Jefferson was known as an inventor and tinkerer.

Did Shakespeare invent the word bedroom? ›

Many of the words Shakespeare invented or coined are still in common use today. The masterful storyteller had so much to express that he needed to push the boundaries of the English vocabulary as he knew it. Some of the most surprisingly common words Shakespeare invented are: bedroom.

Who first invented words? ›

The general consensus is that Sumerian was the first written language, developed in southern Mesopotamia around 3400 or 3500 BCE. At first, the Sumerians would make small tokens out of clay representing goods they were trading. Later, they began to write these symbols on clay tablets.

What does bedazzle mean in Shakespeare? ›

Bedazzle. Definition: to thrill or excite (someone) very much. More words and phrases coined by the Bard … ” Bedazzled” – The Taming of the Shrew.

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